Debbie Rigby takes a look at the latest research news

Factors associated with efficacy of an ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine combination drug in pharmacy customers with common cold symptoms

The aim of this study was to explore factors affecting efficacy of treatment of common cold symptoms with an over-the-counter ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine combination product. The study concluded that the efficacy of an ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine combination in the treatment of common cold symptoms was dose-dependent and greatest when treatment started within the first 2 days after onset of symptoms.

Int J Clin Pract. 2017;71:e12907.

 

The effects of probiotics on depressive symptoms

A systematic review of 10 studies has concluded that the evidence for probiotics alleviating depressive symptoms is compelling but additional double-blind randomized control trials in clinical populations are warranted to further assess efficacy. The strain of probiotic, the dosing, and duration of treatment varied widely.

Annals of General Psychiatry 2017;16:14

 

Iodine deficiency: Clinical implications

Iodine deficiency results in impairment of thyroid hormone synthesis. Iodine plays a major role in foetal neurodevelopment. The daily iodine requirement for non-pregnant adults is 150 µg, and for pregnant women it is 220 to 250 μg. Pregnant and lactating women should take a daily iodine supplement to ensure adequate iodine intake.

Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. 2017;84(3):236-244.

 

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a form of positional vertigo, defined as a disorder of the inner ear characterized by repeated episodes of positional vertigo. This guideline describes the accurate and efficient diagnosis of BPPV, highlights the inappropriate use of vestibular suppressant medications and ancillary testing such as radiographic imaging, and describes appropriate therapeutic repositioning manoeuvres.

Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 2017;156(3):403–416.