The omission of methadone from drug driving laws has been questioned by Drug-Safe Communities following its implication in a fatal Boxing Day crash
On December 26, a 50-year-old man who was driving home after attending a Nowra methadone clinic crossed onto the wrong side of the road and hit a car carrying the Falkholt family.
All four family members – parents Lars and Vivian and adult daughters Annabelle and Jessica – were killed as a result of the crash, with 28-year-old Jessica, an actress who had appeared in soap Home and Away, passing away in hospital three weeks after it occurred. The other driver was also killed.
Now, Drug-Safe Communities is querying why methadone patients are permitted to self-diagnose whether they are in a safe condition to drive, and encouraging pharmacists to counsel them on the dangers.
“The law says a person can have methadone in their body while they are driving but they cannot be under the influence of it,” the company said in a statement this week.
“We are asking a person whose judgement and logic is impaired by methadone to self-diagnose if they are ‘under the influence’ or not,” says Brian Lloyd, accredited trainer and principal at Drug-Safe Communities.
“It is comparable to asking an alcoholic if they are drunk while they drink and drive.
“When a Drug-Safe Communities field tester identifies a person with alcohol or a narcotic in their system, we are required by law to provide alternative transport to take them to a safe environment to recover, until a drug test indicates they are free of any effects.
“So it is baffling that the law permits a methadone user to drive.”
He said that while nobody can prevent methadone patients from driving, he urged pharmacists who provide methadone services to counsel them about the side-effects of the medicine, “and counsel them towards behaviours and actions that could potentially save their life, and more important the life of other innocent road users”.
He listed side-effects including anxiety, nervousness, restlessness, sleep problems (insomnia), weakness, drowsiness, dry mouth and nausea; as well as potentially: shallow breathing, hallucinations, confusion, chest pain, dizziness, fainting, fast or pounding heartbeat, and trouble breathing.
“For anyone in charge of a motor vehicle, many of these are potentially lethal,” he said.
“We know that the effects of methadone in oral form can last up to 48 hours. Its initial analgesic action is somewhere between 6-10 hours.
“Ideally therefore, we should be advising users not to drive or operate machinery of any kind for 48 hours.
“Ideally, an explanation from the pharmacist, along with a printed brochure that outlines all these details would be a great start.”