Get heart smart

This February, Heart Research Australia is encouraging people to wear red and donate for ‘REDFEB’, as well as download a free Heart Smart pocket guide that could save lives

This February, Heart Research Australia is inviting all Australians to wear the colour red to raise awareness of heart disease and funds for life-saving research.

It can be done in support of a family member, wife, husband, a special friend or in memory of someone they loved who sadly passed away due to heart disease.

“Heart disease is Australia’s number one killer, but it is surprising how little people know about the signs of a heart attack and what is critical to do in the moment,” said Nicci Dent, CEO of Heart Research Australia.

“Each day, an average of 20 Australians die from a heart attack. An Australian suffers a heart attack every 10 minutes.

“That is why this REDFEB, in addition to encouraging people to wear red and donate to life-saving research, we are promoting an important free Heart Smart pocket guide.

“The Heart Smart Pocket Guide is designed to fit in your wallet or pocket, and is a handy guide to heart attack symptoms and the recommended response in an emergency. By knowing and recognising the symptoms of a heart attack, you could help save someone’s life. Maybe even your own,” says Ms Dent.

For a pocket guide containing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack as well as an action plan that you can carry with you at all times, visit

“The pocket guide is free to Australian residents, but any financial support towards our life-saving research will be gratefully received. The simple fact is that research saves lives, which is why Heart Research Australia funds world-class and emerging researchers to conduct ground-breaking research into the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart disease,” continued Ms Dent.

This year, Zoll defibrillators will also generously donate two defibrillators to the organisation and individual that raises the most funds for Heart Research Australia.

There are two dangerous mistakes people make about heart attacks, says Heart Research Australia:

1. Assuming heart attack symptoms are the same for everyone

“Many people assume that all heart attacks happen like in the movies – sudden and intense pain in the chest that causes someone to collapse. If that were the case, it would be easy to know when to go to the hospital. In reality, the signs can be less obvious and vary between individuals,” explains Cardiologist Dr Rebecca Kozor.

While chest pain is the classic symptom of a heart attack, other kinds of symptoms can occur in addition to, or instead of, chest discomfort. These may include:

  • Sweating;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Pain in the jaw, neck, shoulders, or arms;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Indigestion or heartburn-like symptoms;
  • Suddenly feeling dizzy, weak, faint, light-headed.

“Women need to know about heart disease – sadly, it kills more Australian women than breast cancer,” says Dr Kozor.

“Chest pressure is still the leading complaint for women, however women experience different heart attack symptoms compared to men. They are more likely to also report nausea, sweating, vomiting, pain in the neck, jaw, throat, or back.”

2. Dismissing symptoms and hoping they will go away.

The number one factor that determines if a heart attack will be fatal? Time.

“I cannot repeat this enough – every minute counts. If you’re having a heart attack, prompt medical attention may help protect your heart muscle from permanent damage and perhaps save your life,” says Dr Kozor. “If you have warning signs of a heart attack call triple zero immediately and ask for an ambulance.”

“The longer the time without treatment, the more damage there can be to the heart muscle and this reduces the heart’s ability to pump blood. This can result in poor blood flow to vital organs, such as the kidneys, and can lead to heart failure,” continued Dr Kozor.

“While you may have doubts about whether or not to call an ambulance, please do not hesitate. Sadly, many Australian deaths due to heart attack occur before the person gets to hospital or first medical contact.”

Other advice includes:

  • It is advised NOT to drive the patient to the hospital yourself, as you may need to perform CPR.
  • Give the person an aspirin if you have any, unless they have been advised not to take this particular medication.
  • Make sure they rest quietly while you wait for an ambulance.
  • If an ambulance is not readily available (for example, in some rural areas), quickly notify the nearest hospital, health clinic or the person’s usual doctor for advice.

For more information on REDFEB and to donate, please visit:

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