Snapshot of diabetes in Australia

Latest stats show nearly 30,000 people started using insulin in one year

In 2015 there were 28,775 people who began using insulin to treat their diabetes in Australia, according to the latest figures from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Of this number, 63% had type 2 diabetes, 26% had gestational diabetes, 9% had type 1 diabetes, and 2% had other forms of diabetes or their diabetes status was unknown.

Almost two in three (63%) of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes were under the age of 25, with age of diagnosis highest among those aged 10-14.

Almost all (92%) of new cases of insulin-treated type 2 diabetes occurred in those aged 40 and over, with the highest incidence of new cases in people aged 75-79 (255 per 100,000 population).

And incidence rates were twice as high among those in the lowest socioeconomic group (96 cases per 100,000) compared with the highest socioeconomic group (41 per 100,000).

AIHW analysis of data from the National (insulin-treated) Diabetes Register (NDR) found incidence rates for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes were higher in men than women.

In 2015, the incidence of type 1 diabetes was 13 per 100,000 in men compared with 10 per 100,000 women.

And for type 2 diabetes, incidence was almost 1.5 times as high for men – 83 per 100,000 compared with 56 per 100,000 for women.

In 2015, 7,405 women began using insulin to manage gestational diabetes – or 130 cases per 100,000 women of reproductive age.

The highest rate was among women aged 30-34.

Source: AIHW analysis of 2015 National Diabetes Register.

See the full statistics here.

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