Research Roundup


innovation: candle, tungsten bulb, two modern light bulbs

Debbie Rigby takes a look at the latest in research news

Off-Label Dosing of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants and Adverse Outcomes

Evaluation Of patients in the ORBIT-AF II trial shows 541 NOAC-treated patients (9.4%) were underdosed, 197 were overdosed (3.4%), and 5,000 were dosed according to U.S. labeling (87%). NOAC overdosing was associated with increased all-cause mortality compared with recommended doses; whereas, underdosing was associated with increased cardiovascular hospitalization.

Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2016;68:2597–604.

Editorial

 

Gestational vitamin D deficiency and autism-related traits

An Australian study of a large population-based sample (n= 4229 children) has shown gestational vitamin D deficiency is associated with autism-related traits. This finding suggests that infants exposed to persistent low vitamin D from mid-gestation until birth may be at risk for autism-related traits. The authors speculate that prenatal vitamin D supplementation may reduce the incidence of ASD.

Molecular Psychiatry 2016;00:1–7.

 

Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction update

This updated guidance on the treatment of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction highlights intermittent use of inhaled short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonists for protection against EIB; and daily therapy with leukotriene inhibitors. Daily ICS/LABAs should be restricted to patients with moderate-to-severe persistent asthma. Regular use of SABAs and LABAs can cause tolerance, limiting their ability to provide bronchoprotection and bronchodilation.

Allergy Clin Immunol 2016;138:1292-5.

 

Incretin based drugs and the risk of pancreatic cancer

In this large, population based study the use of incretin based drugs (dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists) was not associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer compared with sulfonylureas.

BMJ 2016;352:i581.

 

 

Previous Immaturity being diagnosed as ADHD?
Next Forum: DD-Book

NOTICE: It can sometimes take awhile for comment submissions to go through, please be patient.