E-CIGARETTES PRESENT HEALTH RISKS FOR PEOPLE WHO VAPE OR FOR BYSTANDERS.
The risk assessment report from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. only considered e-cigarettes with nicotine, since there has been very little research about e-cigarettes without nicotine.
- Since e-cigarettes contain nicotine in the same quantities as cigarette smoking, the same harmful effects from nicotine can be expected.
- The vapour from e-cigarettes contains so much nicotine that bystanders can ingest the same amount as with passive tobacco smoking. This may affect addiction to nicotine.
- E-cigarettes are less harmful than smoking tobacco, especially with regards to cancer.
- The health risks of long-term e-cigarette use in the population are unknown.
“In Norway, it is mainly smokers and former smokers who use e-cigarettes. The question is if this will still be the case if e-cigarettes become more accessible. It is important to avoid e-cigarettes becoming a trend among adolescents and young adults, or to introduce non-smokers to nicotine addiction and tobacco use,” says Dr Camilla Stoltenberg, director-general at the NIPH.
MORE RESEARCH NEEDED
E-cigarettes have only been available for a short time and so there has been little research into exposure and potential harm, says the NIPH. Its risk assessment is mainly based on evaluation of the individual components of e-cigarettes.The researchers say there is a wide range of e-cigarette types, with varying content of nicotine and other ingredients. Differing types and usage patterns will influence potential health damage. If e-cigarettes are allowed to be sold in Norway, their use and possible adverse effects should be monitored by research, they say.